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Title: Diphtheria in the Postepidemic Period, Europe, 2000–2009
Authors: Wagner, Karen
White, Joanne
Lucenko, Irina
Mercer, David
Crowcroft, Natasha
Neal, Shona
Androulla, Efstratiou
Diphtheria Surveillance Network
Keywords: Infeções Respiratórias
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Publisher: CDC-National Center for Infectious Diseases
Citation: Emerg Infect Dis. 2012 Feb;18(2):217-25
Abstract: Diphtheria incidence has decreased in Europe since its resurgence in the 1990s, but circulation continues in some countries in eastern Europe, and sporadic cases have been reported elsewhere. Surveillance data from Diphtheria Surveillance Network countries and the World Health Organization European Region for 2000–2009 were analyzed. Latvia reported the highest annual incidence in Europe each year, but the Russian Federation and Ukraine accounted for 83% of all cases. Over the past 10 years, diphtheria incidence has decreased by >95% across the region. Although most deaths occurred in disease-endemic countries, case-fatality rates were highest in countries to which diphtheria is not endemic, where unfamiliarity can lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment. In western Europe, toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans has increasingly been identified as the etiologic agent. Reduction in diphtheria incidence over the past 10 years is encouraging, but maintaining high vaccination coverage is essential to prevent indigenous C. ulcerans and reemergence of C. diphtheriae infections.
Description: Paula Lavado é a representante de Portugal Na rede da difteria, participando nas reuniões científicas e enviando dados de Portugal.Faz parte do Grupo de autores: Diphtheria Surveillance Network
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1080-6040
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Appears in Collections:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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