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Title: Measurement uncertainty of food carotenoid determination
Author: Dias, M. Graça
Camões, M. Filomena
Oliveira, Luísa M.
Keywords: Food
Measurement Uncertainty
Composição de Alimentos
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Accred Qual Assur. 2012;17:183-189
Abstract: For consistent interpretation of an analytical method result it is necessary to evaluate the confidence that can be placed in it, in the form of a measurement uncertainty estimate. The Guide to the expression of Uncertainty in Measurement issued by ISO establishes rules for evaluating and expressing uncertainty. Carotenoid determination in food is a complex analytical process involving several mass transfer steps (extraction, evaporation, saponification, etc.), making difficult the application of these guidelines. The ISO guide was interpreted for analytical chemistry by EURACHEM, which includes the possibility of using intra- and interlaboratory information. Measurement uncertainty was estimated based on laboratory validation data, including precision and method performance studies, and also, based on laboratory participation in proficiency tests. These methods of uncertainty estimation were applied to analytical results of different food matrices of fruits and vegetables. Measurement uncertainty of food carotenoid determination was 10–30% of the composition value in the great majority of cases. Higher values were found for measurements near instrumental quantification limits (e.g. 75% for b-cryptoxanthin, and 99% for lutein, in pear) or when sample chromatograms presented interferences with the analyte peak (e.g. 44% for a-carotene in orange). Lower relative expanded measurement uncertainty values (3–13%) were obtained for food matrices/analytes not requiring the saponification step. Based on these results, the saponification step should be avoided if food carotenoids are not present in the ester form. Food carotenoid content should be expressed taking into account the measurement uncertainty; therefore the maximum number of significant figures of a result should be 2.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0949-1775
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Appears in Collections:DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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