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Título: Molecular characterization of the Portuguese patients with defects in GlcNAc-phosphotransferase: a key enzyme in the M6-P dependent lysosomal trafficking
Autor: Coutinho, Maria Francisca
Encarnação, Marisa
Gomes, Rui
Prata, Maria João
Lacerda, Lúcia
Bargal, Ruth
Filocammo, Mirella
Tappino, Barbara
Laprise, Cathrine
Sirois-Gagnon, D.
Costa, Roberto
Ribeiro, Helena
Lopes, Lurdes
Alves, Sandra
Palavras-chave: Doenças Genéticas
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2009
Editora: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, IP
Resumo: Introduction: GlcNAc-phosphotransferase is one of the enzymes responsible for the formation of M6P residues and plays a key role in lysosomal trafficking, since most soluble acid hydrolases reach these organelles through the M6P pathway. It is composed of six subunits (α2β2γ2), products of two genes recently cloned: GNPTAB (mutated in mucolipidosis II/IIIA patients) and GNPTG (mutated in MLIIIC patients). Methods: Using both gDNA and cDNA extracted from patient’s fibroblasts, we performed a molecular study of both genes in 13 MLII/III patients (10Portuguese, 1Finnish, 1Spanish of Arab origin and 1Indian). Expression studies were performed by quantitative real-time PCR. Results: We identified 11 different mutations, 8 of them novel: 6 in the GNPTAB gene (c.121delG;c.440delC;c.2249_50insA;W81L;I403T and E667) and 2 in the GNPTG gene (c.610-1G.T and c.639delT). Interestingly, although the MLII-causing mutations have been mostly found to be private or rare, there is one (c.3503_3504delTC) that shows a broad distribution having been detected among different populations. This same mutation was also the most frequent one in our patients. Such distribution pattern prompted us to perform a haplotypic study. We analysed 37 patients (23Italians, 8Arab Muslims, 1Turkish and 5Portuguese) for 3 intragenic polymorphisms and 2 microsatellite markers flanking the GNPTAB gene, identifying a common haplotype. Regarding the mRNA expression studies, real-time results suggest the existence of feedback regulation mechanisms between α/β and the γ subunits. Discussion/Conclusion: This work enabled the establishment of a strong genotype-phenotype correlation, which is of crucial importance to an improved genetic counselling for ML families. The sharing of an ancestral haplotype by patients carrying the deletion implies a common origin of this mutation, while the higher level of diversity observed at the most distant locus indicates that it is a relatively ancient one. The developed strategies constitute valuable tools that allow carrier detection and prenatal- molecular diagnostics of these diseases.
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