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Title: Characterization of influenza A/Fujian/411/2002(H3N2)-like viruses isolated in Portugal between 2003 and 2005
Author: Pechirra, Pedro
Gonçalves, Paulo
Arraiolos, Ana
Coelho, Anabela
Rebelo-de-Andrade, Helena
Keywords: Infecções Respiratórias
Influenza A
Molecular Evolution
Antigenic Sites
Laboratory Surveillance
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: J Med Virol. 2008 Sep;80(9):1624-30
Abstract: In Portugal, influenza surveillance is achieved through the National Influenza Surveillance Programme (NISP), in close collaboration with other European and global surveillance networks. The NISP integrates epidemiological, clinical and virological data based on the information collected by a Network of Sentinel Medical Practitioners and by a network of Emergency Units of Hospitals and Health Care Centres. In this study, genetic and antigenic characterization of influenza A viruses of the A/Fujian/411/2002 lineage, isolated during the 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 influenza winter seasons, in the context of the NISP, are described. Antigenic analysis of A/ Fujian/411/2002-like viruses, first detected and isolated during the 2003/2004 winter season, revealed a close similarity with the reference strains A/Kumamoto/102/2002 and A/Wyoming/ 3/2003. Genetic analysis confirmed this similarity and revealed two different phylogenetic branches. The 2004/2005 influenza A(H3) isolates formed, both antigenic and genetically, a more homogeneous group and were closely related to A/Oslo/807/2004 and A/California/7/2004. During this season, the characterization of the influenza viral strains has shown continuous evolution to variants close related to A/Oslo/807/2004. The majority of amino acid substitutions detected in the haemagglutinin occurred at antigenic sites. This study reflects the contribution of individual countries for the surveillance and knowledge of the molecular epidemiology of the infection, essential for a concerted action towards the global monitoring of the disease. It also reflects the importance of constant monitoring of genetic and antigenic characteristics of circulating influenza strains, which will certainly be a major contribution to the formulation of influenza vaccines.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0146-6615
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Appears in Collections:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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