Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4960
Título: Exploring the Correlates to Depression in Elder Abuse Victims: Abusive Experience or Individual Characteristics?
Autor: Santos, Ana João
Nunes, Baltazar
Kislaya, Irina
Gil, Ana Paula
Ribeiro, Oscar
Palavras-chave: Eder Abuse
Vulnerability to Abuse
Depressive Symptoms
Domestic Violence
Determinantes da Saúde e da Doença
Violência
Pessoas Idosas
Depressão
Data: 20-Set-2017
Editora: SAGE Publications
Citação: J Interpers Violence. 2017 Sep 1:886260517732346. doi: 10.1177/0886260517732346. [Epub ahead of print]
Resumo: Depression and depressive symptoms have been studied both as risk factors and consequences of elder abuse, even though the most common cross-sectional design of the studies does not allow inferring cause or consequence relationships. This study estimates the proportion of older adults who screened positive for depressive symptoms among those self-reporting elder abuse and examines whether individual characteristics and/or abusive experience aspects are associated with self-reported depressive symptoms. Participants were 510 older adults self-reporting experiences of abuse in family setting enrolled in the cross-sectional victims’ survey of the Aging and Violence Study. Depressive symptoms were assessed through the abbreviated version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-5). Poisson regression was used to determine the prevalence ratio (PR) of screening depressive symptoms according to individual and abusive experience covariates: sex, age group, cohabitation, perceived social support, chronic diseases, functional status, violence type, perpetrator, and number of conducts. Women (PR = 1.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.04, 1.35]) individuals perceiving low social support level (PR = 1.36, 95% CI = [1.16, 1.60]) and with long-term illness (PR = 1.17, 95% CI = [1.02, 1.33]) were found to be associated with increased risk for screening depressive symptoms. In regard to abusive experience, only the number of abusive conducts increased the PR (PR = 1.07, 95% CI = [1.05, 1.09]). Routine screening for elder abuse should include psychological well-being assessment. Interventions toward risk alleviation for both mental health problems and elder abuse should target women perceiving low social support level and with long-term illness.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4960
DOI: 10.1177/0886260517732346
ISSN: 0886-2605
Versão do Editor: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0886260517732346
Aparece nas colecções:DEP - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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