Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4214
Título: Enterovirus D68 diagnosed in severe respiratory and neurological illness in children during 2015-2016 season in Portugal
Autor: Guiomar, Raquel
Costa, Inês
Pechirra, Pedro
Palminha, Paula
Ribeiro, Carlos
Roque, Carla
Peres, Maria João
Viseu, Regina
Balseiro, Maria Jesus
Brito, Maria João
Neves, João
Branquinho, Paula
Côrte-Real, Rita
Palavras-chave: Enterovirus
Respiratory Infection
Neurological Illness
Infecções Respiratórias
Data: 14-Set-2016
Resumo: Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) was first isolated in 1962, and since then associated with respiratory illness. The report of severe respiratory and neurological disease including deaths associated to EV-D68 in United States and Canada during August 2014 highlighted the need of epidemiological information regarding EV-D68 circulation. In Europe information was scarce, available only for few countries. In Portugal there was no data available and was critical to know the epidemiology of EV-D68, especially in children hospitalized with severe respiratory or neurological disease. This study aims to identify EV-D68 in Enterovirus positive respiratory samples in children under 18 with clinical diagnosis of severe respiratory infection or neurological illness. Methods: During 2015/16 winter season, between November/2015 and March/2016, 29 EV positive cases were reported to the National Influenza and Other Respiratory Virus Reference Laboratory (NIC) by two hospitals located in Lisbon and Setubal districts. EV diagnosis was performed in hospitals by biomolecular methods using commercial kits (real time multiplex-PCR, FTD Respiratory pathogens 21 and CLART Pneumovir, Genomica, respectively). EV-D68 was diagnosed by an in house real-time PCR [1]. Virus isolation in RD cell line and phylogenentic analysis of the VP1/VP3 genomic regions will enable the identification of genetic groups in circulation. All samples were irreversibly anonymized. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Results: EV-D68 was confirmed in 20 respiratory samples previously positive for EV (69%; 20/29). Samples were collected from children with age ranging from 2 months to 6 years old, both genders (9 female; 11 male) with diagnosis of severe respiratory or neurological illness. Eighteen cases were hospitalized (90%; 18/20). Bronchiolitis and pneumonia were the most frequently reported diagnosis, corresponding to 70% (14/20). Two cases have neurologic diagnosis. EV-D68 was identified throughout all study period with the higher number of positive cases detected during January 2016, in week 3. Virus isolation and genetic characterization are under way with expected results in virus phylogeny and evaluation on similarity with recent circulating strains in United States, Canada and European countries. Conclusions: EV-D68 was detected in a high positive rate (69%) among EV positive cases. This positive rate of EV-D68 was higher compared to the positivity rate of 10,2 %, calculated in a European study during 2014 [2]. This finding could be linked to the selection of severe and hospitalized patients in present study, highlighting the involvement of EV-D68 with severe respiratory disease in children. The identification of EV-D68 is also crucial in respiratory samples in children with clinical diagnosis of neurological illness. This study is the first attempt to describe the prevalence of EV-D68 in severe paediatric cases, in Portugal. The strength of EV-D68 surveillance in paediatric and adult population at the national level will be important to understand the epidemiology of EV-D68, age-related susceptibility and association with disease severity.
Descrição: Em colaboração com o Laboratório de Doenças Evitáveis pela Vacinação (DDI), com o Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal e com o Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central
Abstract of the presentation: Journal of Clinical Virology 82S (2016) S1–S142. (Abstract no: 289)
Peer review: no
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4214
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Apresentações orais em encontros internacionais

Ficheiros deste registo:
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Com. oral EV D68 .pdf1,3 MBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir
Programme-ESCV2016.pdf655,27 kBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir

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