Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4184
Título: A Multi-Component Prime-Boost Vaccination Regimen with a Consensus MOMP Antigen Enhances Chlamydia trachomatis Clearance
Autor: Badamchi-Zadeh, Alexander
McKay, Paul F.
Korber, Bette T.
Barinaga, Guillermo
Walters, Adam A.
Nunes, Alexandra
Gomes, João Paulo
Follmann, Frank
Tregoning, John S.
Shattock, Robin J.
Palavras-chave: Chlamydia Trachomatis
DNA Vaccines
Adenovirus-vector Vaccines
Prime-boost Regimens
Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Data: 28-Abr-2016
Citação: Front Immunol. 2016 Apr 28;7:162. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2016.00162. eCollection 2016
Resumo: BACKGROUND: A vaccine for Chlamydia trachomatis is of urgent medical need. We explored bioinformatic approaches to generate an immunogen against C. trachomatis that would induce cross-serovar T-cell responses as (i) CD4(+) T cells have been shown in animal models and human studies to be important in chlamydial protection and (ii) antibody responses may be restrictive and serovar specific. METHODS: A consensus antigen based on over 1,500 major outer membrane protein (MOMP) sequences provided high epitope coverage against the most prevalent C. trachomatis strains in silico. Having designed the T-cell immunogen, we assessed it for immunogenicity in prime-boost regimens. This consensus MOMP transgene was delivered using plasmid DNA, Human Adenovirus 5 (HuAd5) or modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) vectors with or without MF59(®) adjuvanted recombinant MOMP protein. RESULTS: Different regimens induced distinct immune profiles. The DNA-HuAd5-MVA-Protein vaccine regimen induced a cellular response with a Th1-biased serum antibody response, alongside high serum and vaginal MOMP-specific antibodies. This regimen significantly enhanced clearance against intravaginal C. trachomatis serovar D infection in both BALB/c and B6C3F1 mouse strains. This enhanced clearance was shown to be CD4(+) T-cell dependent. Future studies will need to confirm the specificity and precise mechanisms of protection. CONCLUSION: A C. trachomatis vaccine needs to induce a robust cellular response with broad cross-serovar coverage and a heterologous prime-boost regimen may be an approach to achieve this.
Descrição: The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00162
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4184
DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2016.00162
ISSN: 1664-3224
Versão do Editor: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00162/full
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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