Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4176
Título: Fungal Contamination of Sandpits from Recreational Parks and Schools: a Potential Risk for Human Health
Autor: Viegas, Carla
Brandão, João
Sabino, Raquel
Meneses, Marcia
Verissimo, Cristina
Palavras-chave: Recreational Parks
Elementary Schools
Fungal Contamination
Infecções Sistémicas e Zoonoses
Água e Solo
Data: 4-Abr-2016
Editora: Jacobs Publishers
Citação: J J Environ Sci. 2016, 2(1):014
Resumo: Sandpits used by children are frequently visited by wild life which constitutes a source of fungal pathogens and allergenic fungi. This study aimed to take an unannounced snapshot of the urban levels of fungal contaminants in sands, using for this purpose two public recreational parks, three elementary schools and two kindergartens. All samples were from Lisbon and neighboring municipalities and were tested for fungi of clinical interest. Potentially pathogenic fungi were isolated from all samples besides one. Fusarium dimerum (32.4%) was found to be the dominant species in one park and Chrysonilia spp. in the other (46.6%). Fourteen different species and genera were detected and no dermatophytes were found. Of a total of 14 species and genera, the fungi most isolated from the samples of the elementary schools were Penicillium spp. (74%), Cladophialophora spp. (38%) and Cladosporium spp. (90%). Five dominant species and genera were isolated from the kindergartens. Penicillium spp. was the only genus isolated in one, though with remarkably high counts (32500 colony forming units per gram). In the other kindergarten Penicillium spp. were also the most abundant species, occupying 69% of all the fungi found. All of the samples exceeded the Maximum Recommended Value (MRV) for beach sand defined by Brandão et al. 2011, which are currently the only quantitative guidelines available for the same matrix. The fungi found confirm the potential risk of exposure of children to keratinophilic fungi and demonstrates that regular cleaning or replacing of sand needs to be implemented in order to minimize contamination.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/4176
Versão do Editor: http://environmentalsciences.jacobspublishers.com/index.php/j-j-environ-sci-2-1-013
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DSA - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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