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|Título:||Expression of tumor-related Rac1b antagonizes B-Raf-induced senescence in colorectal cells|
|Palavras-chave:||Vias de Transdução de Sinal e Patologias Associadas|
|Resumo:||Mutations in the BRAF oncogene have been identified as a tumor-initiating genetic event in mainly melanoma, thyroid and colon cancer, resulting in an initial proliferative stimulus that is followed by a growth arrest period known as oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). It remains unknown what triggers subsequent escape from OIS to allow further tumor progression. A previous analysis revealed that overexpression of splice variant Rac1b occurs in around 80% of colorectal tumors carrying a mutation in BRAF. Using both BRaf-V600E-directed RNAi and overexpression we demonstrate that this mutation does not directly lead to Rac1b overexpression, indicating the latter as an independent event during tumor progression. Nonetheless, we observed that expression of oncogenic BRaf-V600E in non-transformed colonocytes (NCM460 cell line) increased both the transcript and protein levels of p14ARF, p15INK4b and p21CIP1 and led to increased expression of β-galactosidase, all indicators of OIS induction. Interestingly, whereas the protein levels of these markers were reduced upon Rac1b overexpression, the levels of their respective transcripts remained unchanged. Importantly, the co-expression of Rac1b with B-Raf-V600E reverted the OIS phenotype, reducing the expression levels of the cell-cycle inhibitors and β-galactosidase to those of control cells. These data identify increased Rac1b expression as one potential mechanism by which colorectal tumor cells can escape from B-Raf-induced OIS.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||DGH - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais|
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