Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3733
Título: Beach sand and the potential for infectious disease transmission: observations and recommendations
Autor: Solo-Gabriele, Helena
Harwood, Valerie J.
Kay, David
Fujioka, Roger
Sadowsky, Michael
Whitman, Richard
Wither, Andrew
Caniça, Manuela
Carvalho da Fonseca, Rita
Duarte, Aida
Edge, Thomas
Gargaté, Maria João
Gunde-cimerman, Nina
Hagen, Ferry
Mclellan, Sandra
Silva, Alexandra
Novak Babič, Monika
Prada, Susana
Rodrigues, Raquel
Romão, Daniela
Sabino, Raquel
Samson, Robert
Segal, Esther
Staley, Christopher
Taylor, Huw D.
Veríssimo, Cristina
Viegas, Carla
Barroso, Helena
Brandão, João
Palavras-chave: Sand Contaminants
Bathing Water Quality
Infectious Disease
Avaliação do Risco
Água e Solo
Data: 10-Nov-2015
Resumo: Recent studies suggest that sand can serve as a vehicle for exposure of humans to pathogens at beach sites, resulting in increased health risks. Sampling for microorganisms in sand should be considered for inclusion in regulatory programmes aimed at protecting recreational beach users from infectious disease. In an effort to provide recommendations for sand sampling programmes in the original article, we outlined published guidelines for beach monitoring programmes, currently focused exclusively on measuring microbial levels in water. We also provided background on spatial distribution and temporal characteristics of microbes in sand, as these factors influence sampling programmes. First steps toward establishing a sand sampling programme include identifying appropriate beach sites and use of initial sanitary assessments to refine site selection. A tiered approach is recommended for monitoring. This approach would include the analysis of samples from many sites for faecal indicator organisms and other conventional analytes, while testing for specific pathogens and unconventional indicators is reserved for high-risk sites. Given the diversity of microbes found in sand, studies are urgently needed to identify the most significant aetiological agent of disease and to relate microbial measurements in sand.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3733
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.5065.3846
Aparece nas colecções:DSA - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais
DDI - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais
DGH - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais

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