Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3689
Título: Using whole genome sequencing to understand host-nontuberculous mycobacteria interaction
Autor: Sousa, Sara
Borges, Victor
Faria, Sónia
Carneiro, Catarina
Vieira, Luís
Gomes, João Paulo
Jordão, Luísa
Palavras-chave: Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM)
Agentes Microbianos e Ambiente
Data: 10-Mar-2016
Resumo: Background: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a large group of Mycobacterium species that don’t belong to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) complex. These bacteria are mostly environmental being regarded as etiological agents of opportunistic infection in humans mainly immunocompromised. Distinguishing NTM from Mtb is still a challenge and identification at the species level is essential for an accurate diagnostic and effective treatment. The growth rate of NTM is very important for the onset of treatment being these bacteria divided into rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) and slowly growing mycobacteria (SGM). Mycobacterium fortuitum, M. abscessus and the model organism M. smegmatis are RGM whereas M. avium is SGM that take more than 7 days to form CFU on growth media. The knowledge of NTM infections is still reduced being needed more studies to understand the host-pathogen interaction during the infectious process in order to establish more effective therapeutic schemes. Recently our group conducted a study using human alveolar macrophages as a model. The obtained data showed that both RGM (747/08) and SGM (60/08) were able to persist and even replicate within this macrophages whereas others do not (M.smegmatis and M.abscessus)1. Here we used NGS as a tool to identify bacterial factor responsible for the observed outcome. Materials and Methods: Three reference strains (M.fortuitum ATCC6841, M.avium ATCC25291, M.smegmatis (ATCC700084) and 3 strains from Ricardo Jorge mycobacterial collection isolated from patients (M.fortuitum 747/08, M. avium 60/08 and Mtb70/09) were used. For DNA extraction bacteria were grown in Middlebrook 7H9 supplemented with 10% OADC and 0.05% Tween80. Full genome sequence was performed using NGS platform MiSeq (Illumina Inc., San Diego,CA, USA) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Data analysis: RAST (www.rast.nmpdr.org) and MAUVE platforms were used for annotation and multiple alignments, respectively.3 Results: Data analysis suggest a link between mycobacteria growth rate and genome size with RGM (6.7 million bp) having longer genomes than SGM (4.8 million bp) what might reflect bacteria adaptation to the host(s). Mtb with an exclusive host has a shorter genome (4.3 million bp) than NTM which exhibit a wider host tropisms and the ability to persist within the environment Therefore, we can find genes associated to the Lactate fermentation like MAV_2543 and Methanogenesis xfp that cannot be found in Mtb. The two NTM (747/08 and 60/08) strains sequenced and that show intramacrophage persistence displayed also a longer size, which is associated to the persistence related genes. In specific gene subsystems were observed intra-species differences between clinical and reference NTM. Fatty acid metabolism cluster and cell envelope related genes subsystems illustrate this result. Conclusion: The preliminary results suggest a link between genome size and intracellular persistence and support the fact that clinic NTM share virulence factors with Mtb. However, only a transcriptional analysis could ensure the evolvement of these genes in intracellular persistence.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3689
Aparece nas colecções:DSA - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais
DDI - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais
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IMMEM-P31.pdf262,95 kBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir    Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!
posterMNTs2.pdf1,59 MBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir    Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!

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