Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3253
Título: Prevalence of Childhood Obesity and Overweight in Portugal and Greece COSI 2010
Autor: Rito, Ana
Hassapidou, Maria
Palavras-chave: COSI
Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative
Obesidade Infantil
Estilos de Vida e Impacto na Saúde
Determinantes da Saúde e da Doença
Saúde Pública
Data: Mai-2015
Resumo: Introduction: WHO/Europe Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) is an ongoing, systematic process of collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of descriptive information for monitoring excess body weight in the WHO European Region. The system aims to measure trends in overweight and obesity in children aged 6-8 year-olds, every two years. Here we are presenting and comparing the results of the second COSI round (2010), for schoolchildren age 7 years for two countries of Southern Europe: Portugal and Greece. Methods:4020 children(910 age 7 years) from 172 schools participated in the study in Portugal and 5701(1293 age 7 years) from 150 schools in Greece(national representative samples). Height and weight were directly measured by trained fieldworkers. Overweight (including obesity) and obesity prevalence were calculated using the international body mass index cut-offs according to WHO criteria. Dietary and exercise patterns were assessed through school and family questionnaires. Results: Prevalence of overweight (including obesity) in children age 7 years was 31,5% in boys and 36,2% in girls( according to WHO definition) in Portugal and 48,9% in boys and 44,8% in girls in Greece. In both countries dietary and exercise patterns were found very similar with children presenting poor food habits, low level of physical activity and high level of sedentary habits. Conclusion: Portugal and Greece are two of the countries with higher prevalence of overweight and obesity across Europe. This has been consistently higher in Southern European countries which also share several similarities on dietary patterns and physical activity levels among primary school children, suggesting that active implementation of policies or interventions to counteract overweight and obesity are needed.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3253
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