Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3182
Título: A contribution to hazard assessment of combined exposure to mycotoxins using in vitro toxicity testing
Autor: Tavares, Ana
Pinhão, Mariana
Mendonça, Inês
Louro, Henriqueta
Loureiro, Susana
Alvito, Paula
Silva, Maria João
Palavras-chave: Genotoxicidade Ambiental
Segurança Alimentar
Mycotoxins Mixture
Food Safety
Data: 14-Set-2015
Resumo: Humans may be exposed through diet to a complex and variable combination of mycotoxins co-occurring in food. These toxins may impact on their health, particularly on the long-term, because most of them are mutagenic and carcinogenic (e.g., aflatoxin B1). Moreover, the overall hazard of a particular mycotoxin may be further modified by its interaction with other mycotoxins and, in this context, many data gaps still remain. To overcome this issue, EFSA has recommended the use of concentration addition (CA) as a default assumption for the assessment of combined toxicity of chemicals, provided they produce a common adverse outcome. The present study aimed at identifying potential interactive toxic effects of two binary mixtures of mycotoxins – ochratoxin A (OTA)/aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and OTA/fumonisin B1 (FB1) – in human cell lines. Cytotoxic effects were measured by the neutral red or the MTT assays while genotoxicity was assessed by the comet assay. Comparison of the viability results obtained for OTA in intestinal (Caco-2), liver (HepG2) and kidney (HK-2) cell lines showed that HK-2 cells were the most sensitive ones. On the other hand, the highest doses of AFM1 exerted a significant toxicity in Caco-2 cells, while FB1 displayed a lower toxic effect in HepG2 and HK-2 cells. The interactive toxic effects of several combinations of AFM1 and OTA were inferred from modelling the experimental data obtained for mixtures, comparatively to that expected from the individual effects, using a CA conceptual model. The results indicated that both mycotoxins exerted antagonistic effects in Caco-2 cells. In contrast, in HK-2 cells the combination of OTA and FB1 was synergistic at low dose levels of both mycotoxins and changed to antagonism at higher dose levels. Genotoxicity analysis of the same combinations is underway and data will be presented and discussed. Overall, this study emphasizes the relevance of assessing the combined toxicity of mycotoxins, thereby contributing to fill the data gaps on mixtures effects and allowing the development of qualitative/semi-quantitative or probabilistic models for the hazard assessment of combined exposure to these food contaminants.
Descrição: Abstract publicado em: Toxicology Letters. 2015; 238 (2, Suppl.): S352-3. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.08.1007. Disponível em: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037842741502946X
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3182
DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.08.1007
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DGH - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais

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