Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3153
Título: Risk assessment of Portuguese children dietary exposure to co-occuring mycotoxins in processed cereal-based foods
Autor: Assunção, Ricardo
Nunes, Baltazar
Loureiro, Susana
Vasco, Elsa
Martins, Carla
Alvito, Paula
Palavras-chave: Segurança Alimentar
Avaliação de Risco
Saúde Humana
Data: Set-2015
Resumo: People, animals and the environment can be exposed to multiple chemicals at once from a variety of sources, but current risk assessment is usually carried out based on one chemical substance at a time. In human health risk assessment, ingestion of food is considered a major route of exposure to many contaminants, namely mycotoxins, a wide group of fungal secondary metabolites that are known to potentially cause toxicity and carcinogenic outcomes. Mycotoxins are commonly found in a variety of foods including those intended for consumption by infants and young children and have been found in processed cereal-based foods available in the Portuguese market. The present study aims to characterize, for the first time, the risk associated with the exposure of Portuguese children to single and multiple mycotoxins present in processed cereal-based foods (CBF). Portuguese children (0-3 years old) food consumption data (n=103) were collected using a 3 days food diary. Contamination data concerned the quantification of 12 mycotoxins (aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, fumonisins and trichothecenes) were evaluated in 20 CBF samples marketed in 2014 and 2015 in Lisbon; samples were analyzed by HPLC-FLD, LC-MS/MS and GC-MS. Daily exposure of children to mycotoxins was performed using deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Different strategies were used to treat the left censored data. For aflatoxins, as carcinogenic compounds, the margin of exposure (MoE) was calculated as a ratio of BMDL (benchmark dose lower confidence limit) to the aflatoxin exposure. The magnitude of the MoE gives an indication of the risk level. For the remaining mycotoxins, the output of exposure was compared to the dose reference values (TDI) in order to calculate the hazard quotients (ratio between exposure and a reference dose, HQ). For the cumulative risk assessment of multiple mycotoxins, the concentration addition (CA) concept was used. The combined margin of exposure (MoET) and the hazard index (HI) were calculated for aflatoxins and the remaining mycotoxins, respectively. 71% of CBF analyzed samples were contaminated with mycotoxins (with values below the legal limits) and approximately 56% of the studied children consumed CBF at least once in these 3 days. Preliminary results showed that children exposure to single mycotoxins present in CBF were below the TDI. Aflatoxins MoE and MoET revealed a reduced potential risk by exposure through consumption of CBF (with values around 10000 or more). HQ and HI values for the remaining mycotoxins were below 1. Children are a particularly vulnerable population group to food contaminants and the present results point out an urgent need to establish legal limits and control strategies regarding the presence of multiple mycotoxins in children foods in order to protect their health.
Descrição: Distinguido com o prémio melhor poster (best poster award) pela MoniQA Association. A MoniQA Association é uma rede internacional interdisciplinar que integra membros de diversas áreas da segurança alimentar, nomeadamente, laboratórios, institutos públicos, indústria, centros de investigação e universidades. A atribuição deste prémio ocorreu no âmbito da 5th MoniQA International Conference.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/3153
Aparece nas colecções:DEP - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais
DAN - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais

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