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Title: Ceruloplasmin expression by human peripheral blood lymphocytes: a new link between immunity and iron metabolism
Author: Banha, J.
Marques, L.
Oliveira, R.
Martins, M. de F.
Paixão, E.
Pereira, D.
Malhó, R.
Penque, D.
Costa, L.
Keywords: Ceruloplasmin
Peripheral blood lymphocytes
NK cells
Determinantes Imunológicos em Doenças Crónicas
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Free Radic Biol Med. 2008 Feb 1;44(3):483-92. Epub 2007 Oct 22.
Abstract: Ceruloplasmin (CP) is a multicopper oxidase involved in the acute phase reaction to stress. Although the physiological role of CP is uncertain, its role in iron (Fe) homeostasis and protection against free radical-initiated cell injury has been widely documented. Previous studies showed the existence of two molecular isoforms of CP: secreted CP (sCP) and a membrane glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored form of CP (GPI-CP). sCP is produced mainly by the liver and is abundant in human serum whereas GPI-CP is expressed in mammalian astrocytes, rat leptomeningeal cells, and Sertolli cells. Herein, we show using RT-PCR that human peripheral blood lymphocytes (huPBL) constitutively express the transcripts for both CP molecular isoforms previously reported. Also, expression of CP in huPBL is demonstrated by immunofluorescence with confocal microscopy and flow cytometry analysis using cells isolated from healthy blood donors with normal Fe status. Importantly, the results obtained show that natural killer cells have a significantly higher CP expression compared to all other major lymphocyte subsets. In this context, the involvement of lymphocyte-derived CP on host defense processes via its anti/prooxidant properties is proposed, giving further support for a close functional interaction between the immune system and the Fe metabolism.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0891-5849
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Appears in Collections:DPSPDNT - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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