Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2755
Título: Acid mine drainage from the Panasqueira mine and its influence on Zêzere River (Central Portugal)
Autor: Candeias, C.
Freire Ávila, P.
Silva, E. F
Ferreira, A.
Salgueiro, A. R.
Teixeira, João Paulo
Palavras-chave: Mining Areas
Acid Mine Drainage
Geochemical Modeling
Panasqueira Mine
Ar e Saúde Ocupacional
Genotoxicidade Ambiental
Data: 2014
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: J Afr Earth Sci. 2014; 99:705-12. Doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2013.10.006. Epub 2013 Oct 25
Resumo: The Panasqueira hydrothermal mineralization, located in central Portugal, is the biggest Sn–W deposit of the Western Europe. The main evidences of the mining exploitation and ore treatment operations are testified with huge tailings, mainly, in the Rio and Barroca Grande areas. The mining and benefi- ciation processes, at the site, produces metal rich mine wastes. Oxidation of sulfides tailings and flow from open impoundments are responsible for the mobilization and migration of metals from the mine wastes into the environment. Acid mine drainage (AMD) discharged from Rio tailing has a pH around 3 and high metal concentrations. In Zêzere river, Fe and As are the most rapidly depleted downstream from AMD once As adsorbs, coprecipitate and form compounds with iron oxyhydroxides. The Zêzere river waters are oversaturated with respect to kaolinite and goethite and ferrihydrite can precipitate on stream with a near-neutral pH. At sites having low pH the dissolved Fe species in the water, mainly, occur as sulfate complexes due to a high SO4 concentration. Melanterite (Fe2+(SO4)7(H2O)) and minor amounts of rozenite (Fe2+(SO4)4(H2O)) and szomolnokite (Fe2+(SO4)(H2O)) were observed on Rio tailing basement.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2755
DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2013.10.006
ISSN: 1464-343X
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1464343X13001921
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