Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2754
Título: Halogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons associated with drinking water disinfection
Autor: José, S. S.
Pinto, M.
Antunes, A.M.M.
Louro, H.
Silva, M.J.
Cardoso, A.S.
Palavras-chave: Água e Solo
Genotoxicidade Ambiental
Data: 21-Set-2014
Resumo: Introduction: Disinfection by-products (DBPs) have been identified in chlorinated water. This fact justifies the growing concern about the potential health effects of emerging unregulated DBPs, some of which appear to be more genotoxic than the regulated DBPs[1]. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are among the most persistent contaminants detected in environmental samples such as river sediments and tap water. A few studies have already proven that water disinfection can lead to the formation of halogenated derivatives of PAHs, such as chlorinated and brominated PAHs[2] . The available toxicological studies have shown that these compounds possess, in general, greater mutagenicity than the corresponding parent PAHs. Our research group has also shown that exposure of HepG2 cells to a dose-range of 6-Cl-benzo[a]pyrene (6-ClBaP) and BaP resulted in cytotoxicity above 50 µM and that, at the equimolar doses of 100 and 125 µM, 6-ClBaP was able to induce a significantly higher level of DNA damage than BaP[3] . The present study had two main objectives: 1) identification of the major chlorinated and brominated derivatives of benzo[a]anthracene (BaA) and pyrene (Pyr) formed as disinfection by-products and 2) evaluation of their potential hazard to humans, through the characterization of their potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in a human cell line.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2754
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