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|Título:||The mutational spectrum of WT1 in male infertility|
|Autor:||Seabra, Catarina M.|
Lima, Ana C
Marques, Patrícia I.
Lopes, Alexandra M.
European Continental Ancestry Group
|Editora:||Elsevier/American Urological Association (AUA)|
|Citação:||J Urol. 2015 May;193(5):1709-15. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2014.11.004. Epub 2014 Nov 11.|
|Resumo:||PURPOSE: We evaluated the impact of WT1 mutations in isolated severe spermatogenic impairment in a population of European ancestry. WT1 was first identified as the gene responsible for Wilms tumor. It was later associated with a plethora of clinical phenotypes often accompanied by urogenital defects and male infertility. The recent finding of WT1 missense mutations in Chinese azoospermic males without major gonadal malformations broadened the phenotypic spectrum of WT1 defects and motivated this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the WT1 coding region in a cohort of 194 Portuguese patients with nonobstructive azoospermia and in 188 with severe oligozoospermia with increased depth for the exons encoding the regulatory region of the protein. We also analyzed a group of 31 infertile males with a clinical history of unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism and 1 patient with anorchia. RESULTS: We found 2 WT1 missense substitutions at higher frequency in patients than in controls. 1) A novel variant in exon 1 (p.Pro130Leu) that disrupted a mammalian specific polyproline stretch in the self-association domain was more frequent in azoospermia cases (0.27% vs 0.13%, p = 0.549). 2) A rare variant in a conserved residue in close proximity to the first zinc finger (pCys350Arg) was more frequent in severe oligozoospermia cases (0.80% vs 0.13%, p = 0.113). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest a role for rare WT1 damaging variants in severe spermatogenic failure in populations of European ancestry. Large multicenter studies are needed to fully assess the contribution of WT1 genetic alterations to male infertility in the absence of other disease phenotypes.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022534714048320|
|Aparece nas colecções:||DGH - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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|Seabra CM et al J Urology 2014_Mutational Spectrum of WT1 in male infertility.pdf||1 MB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!|
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