Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2677
Título: Characterization of inorganic contaminants present in rice varieties consumed in Portugal
Autor: Coelho, Inês
Gueifão, Sandra
Vacchina, Veronique
Donard, Olivier
Castanheira, Isabel
Palavras-chave: Rice
Inorganic Contaminants
Data Quality
Segurança Alimentar
Data: Mai-2014
Editora: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, IP
Resumo: Recent data shows that Portugal has a rice consume of 15.8 kg/capita/year, the largest in Europe. The Sado estuary, located in the West Coast of Portugal, is a major area for rice production in Portugal. Although this area is partially classified as a natural reserve, it is also threatened by many sources of anthropogenic pressure and runoff from agriculture grounds, originating a moderately contaminated estuary in some hot-spot areas. The present work aims at evaluating the level of inorganic contaminants present in different rice varieties including whole grain, white rice, husk and bran. A total of 33 samples were obtained from Sado region and from distribution stores. Contents in manganese, copper, zinc, vanadium, chromium, cobalt, nickel, arsenic, selenium, strontium, cadmium and lead, were evaluated using an ICP-MS. Samples with the highest content of arsenic, were analyzed for arsenic speciation by coupling an HPLC to the ICP-MS. Samples were analyzed in compliance with the internal quality criteria established by the laboratory. In most samples levels of lead, cadmium, cobalt, and vanadium were below or near to the LOQ. Arsenic content varies between 98 and 250 µg/kg. Speciation data, showed that the species present were mainly arsenite (AsIII), representing about 80% of total arsenic, and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA). After comparing this data with other analytical results used in risk assessment studies we can infer that inorganic contaminants in samples are not a matter of concern. This study also shows the need of powerful analytical techniques with very low detection limits to measure inorganic contaminants in foods.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2677
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