Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2655
Título: A chemometric approach: characterization of quality and authenticity of artisanal honeys from Argentina
Autor: Rios, Francisco
Sanchez, Ana Carina
Lobo, Manuel
Lupo, Liliana
Coelho, Inês
Castanheira, Isabel
Samman, Norma
Palavras-chave: Honey
Melissopalynology
Physicochemical Properties
Chemometric Methods
Composição dos Alimentos
Data: Dez-2014
Editora: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Citação: J. Chemometrics. 2014;28(12): 834-43
Resumo: The demand of honey with defined quality has increased around the world; therefore, an adequate description of the traceability and authenticity of honeys is necessary. The pollen and physicochemical characteristics of 58 honey samples collected from five different environmental units (EUs) of the Jujuy province (Argentine) were determined,in order to differentiate them by geographical origin through the application of chemometric methods. A qualitative pollen analysis was performed by microscopy. The physicochemical characteristics were determined by Association of Official Analytical Chemists methods. Correspondence analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were performed. Forty-five per cent of honeys were monofloral; nearly half of them correspond to native species—among which, Salix humboldtiana, Baccharis sp. and Ziziphus mistol stood out. Physicochemical and microbiological analysis showed acceptable quality for honeys. CA characterized significantly honeys from four different EUs using all pollen data. While forward stepwise coupled to LDA identified 14 significant variables to build a discriminatory model with three significant discriminant functions, a cumulative variance of 94% was reached. Thus, 86%of the samples were correctly classified. PCA and LDA applied to physicochemical data allowed to distinguish three different groups with a significant function (p<0.01) that explained 90% of the total variability. Honey corresponding to EU III Subandean Hills of Santa Bárbara was the most accurately classified by pollen and physicochemical data. The application of chemometric methods to pollen data and physicochemical parameters may be a useful tool to determine honey geographical origin.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2655
DOI: 10.1002/cem.2654
ISSN: 0886-9383
Versão do Editor: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cem.2654/full
Aparece nas colecções:DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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