Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2640
Título: Efficacy of dignity therapy on depression and anxiety in Portuguese terminally ill patients: a phase II randomized controlled trial
Autor: Julião, M.
Oliveira, F.
Nunes, Baltazar
Vaz Carneiro, A.
Barbosa, A.
Palavras-chave: Dignity Therapy
Palliative Care
Cuidados de Saúde
Data: 17-Jun-2014
Editora: Mary Anne Libert Inc
Citação: J Palliat Med. 2014 Jun;17(6):688-95. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2013.0567. Epub 2014 Apr 15.
Resumo: Background: Dignity therapy is a brief psychotherapy developed for patients living with a life-limiting illness. Objective: To determine the influence of dignity therapy on depression and anxiety in inpatients with a terminal illness and experiencing a high level of distress in a palliative care unit. Methods: A nonblinded phase II randomized controlled trial of 80 patients who were randomly assigned to one of two groups: intervention group (dignity therapy+standard palliative care [SPC]) or control group (SPC alone). The main outcomes were depression and anxiety scores, as measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and assessed at baseline (T1), day 4 (T2), day 15 (T3), and day 30 (T4) of follow-up. This study is registered with www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN34354086. Results: Of the final 80 participants, 41 were randomly assigned to SPC and 39 to dignity therapy. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Dignity therapy was associated with a decrease in depression scores (median, 95% confidence interval [CI]: −4.00, −6.00 to −2.00, p<0.0001; −4.00, −7.00 to −1.00, p=0.010; −5.00, −8.00 to −1.00, p=0.043, for T2, T3, and T4, respectively). Dignity therapy was similarly associated with a decrease in anxiety scores (median, 95% CI: −3.00, −5.00 to −1.00, p<0.0001; −4.00, −7.00 to −2.00, p=0.001; −4.00, −7.00 to −1.00, p=0.013, for T2, T3, and T4, respectively). Conclusion: Dignity therapy resulted in a beneficial effect on depression and anxiety symptoms in end-of-life care. The therapeutic benefit of dignity therapy was sustained over a 30-day period. Having established its efficacy, future trials of dignity therapy may now begin, comparing it with other psychotherapeutic approaches within the context of terminal illness.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2640
DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2013.0567
ISSN: 1096-6218
Versão do Editor: http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jpm.2013.0567
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