Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2509
Título: The physiological role of the soluble HFE isoform – a regulator of dietary iron absorption in the duodenum
Autor: Silva, Bruno
Ferreira, Joana
Santos, Vera
Sousa, Patrícia
Baldaia, Cilénia
Serejo, Fátima
Faustino, Paula
Palavras-chave: Doenças Genéticas
HFE
Isoforma Soluvel
Metabolismo do Ferro
Data: Nov-2014
Resumo: Objective: Dietary iron absorption regulation is a key-step for body iron homeostasis. Once inside the enterocyte, iron is directed to the basolateral membrane being oxidized by hephaestin, which mediates iron efflux towards circulatory transferrin in cooperation with ferroportin. Besides the HFE full-length protein, the HFE gene codes for alternative splicing transcripts responsible for the synthesis of a soluble form of HFE protein (sHFE). The main objective of this work was to assess whether sHFE plays a role in iron absorption regulation in duodenum. In particular, we intended to determine if sHFE transcript levels respond to different iron conditions in duodenal cell models. Also, we aimed to investigate the functional effect of the sHFE protein on the expression of iron metabolism-related genes in duodenal cell models as well as, in ex-vivo, in duodenum biopsy samples. Methods: The levels of sHFE transcripts were measured in HuTu-80, Caco-2, and HT-29 cells, after holo-Tf stimulus. The expression of iron metabolism-related genes was determined after endogenous and exogenous overexpression of the sHFE protein. Moreover, expression levels of sHFE and HEPH were quantified by RT-qPCR in 6 RNA samples from duodenum biopsies of dyspepsia patients. Results: Our in vitro obtained results have shown that the sHFE transcripts expression is up-regulated by intracellular iron. Hephaestin and duodenal cytochrome b expressions are down-regulated by endogenous sHFE protein. Exogenous sHFE stimulus also down-regulates hephaestin levels by a clathrin-independent, dynamin-mediated and RhoA-regulated endocytosis mechanism. In agreement, our in ex-vivo studies revealed that HEPH expression correlates negatively with sHFE levels in the human duodenum. Conclusion: The sHFE is probably an important regulator of iron metabolism. Its levels vary according to the level of intracellular iron. It controls hephaestin expression and most likely the dietary iron absorption in the duodenum.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/2509
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