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|Título:||Cardiovascular risk profile of high school students: A cross-sectional study|
Mendes Gaspar, I.
Doenças Cardio e Cérebro-vasculares
|Editora:||Elsevier/ Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia|
|Citação:||Rev Port Cardiol. 2014 Sep;33(9):525-34. doi: 10.1016/j.repc.2014.01.024. Epub 2014 Sep 12.|
|Resumo:||INTRODUCTION: Disease prevention should begin in childhood and lifestyles are important risk determinants of cardiovascular disease. Awareness and monitoring of risk is essential in preventive strategies. AIM: To characterize cardiovascular risk and the relationships between certain variables in adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 854 adolescent schoolchildren were surveyed, mean age 16.3±0.9 years. Data collection included questionnaires, physical examination, charts for 10-year relative risk of mortality, and biochemical assays. In the statistical analysis continuous variables were studied by the Student's t test and categorical variables by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test, and each risk factor was entered as a dependent variable in logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Physical activity was insufficient in 81% of students. The daily consumption of soup, salad or vegetables, and fruit was, respectively, 37%, 39% and 21%. A minority (6%) took ≤3 and 77% took ≥5 meals a day. The prevalence of each risk factor was as follows: overweight 16%; smoking 13%; hypertension 11%; impaired glucose metabolism 9%; hypertriglyceridemia 9%; and hypercholesterolemia 5%. Out-of-school physical activity, hypertension and overweight were more prevalent in males (p<0.001). Females had higher levels of cholesterol (p<0.005) and triglycerides (p<0.001). A quarter of the adolescents had a relative risk score for 10-year cardiovascular mortality of ≥2. Overweight showed a positive association with blood pressure, changes in glucose metabolism and triglycerides, and a negative association with number of daily meals. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate the need for action in providing and encouraging healthy choices for adolescents, with an emphasis on behavioral and lifestyle changes aimed at individuals, families and communities|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.elsevier.pt/en/revistas/revista-portuguesa-cardiologia-334/artigo/cardiovascular-risk-profile-of-high-school-students-a-90351776|
|Aparece nas colecções:||DPSPDNT - Artigos em revistas nacionais|
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