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Title: Um novo mecanismo molecular para a regulação do transportador de glicose GLUT1
Author: Mendes, A.I.
Matos, P.
Moniz, S.
Jordan, P.
Keywords: Vias de Transdução de Sinal e Patologias Associadas
Proteina cinase
Transporte membranar
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Abstract: One mechanism by which cells regulate the uptake of glucose is the number of glucose transporter proteins (GLUT) present at the plasma membrane. In insulin-responsive cells types, GLUT4 is released from intracellular storage vesicles through inactivation of the Rab GTPase activating protein TBC1D4, also known as AS160. Using protein biochemical techniques we analysed complex formation between TBC1D4 and protein kinase WNK1 in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. We found that WNK1 associates in a protein complex with TBC1D4 and phosphorylates TBC1D4 in vitro. This resulted in increased expression levels of the constitutive glucose transporter GLUT1 at the cell surface. WNK1 was found to increase the binding of TBC1D4 to regulatory 14-3-3 proteins while reducing its interaction with the exocytic small GTPase Rab8A. These effects were dependent on the catalytic activity because expression of a kinase-dead WNK1 mutant had no effect on binding of 14-3-3 and Rab8A, or on surface GLUT1 levels. Together, the data describe a molecular pathway regulating constitutive glucose uptake via GLUT1, the expression level of which is related to several human diseases. This pathway may be important in the cellular response to insulin.
Description: Prémio de Investigação Básica
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:DGH - Apresentações orais em encontros nacionais

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