Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1792
Título: Multi-mycotoxin determination in baby foods and in vitro combined cytotoxic effects of aflatoxin M1 and ochratoxin A
Autor: Tavares, Ana
Alvito, Paula
Loureiro, S.
Louro, H.
Silva, M.J.
Palavras-chave: Segurança Alimentar
Aflatoxin M1
Ochratoxin A
Mixtures Modelling
Genotoxicidade Ambiental
Data: Nov-2013
Editora: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Citação: World Mycotoxin J. 2013:6(4): 375-388
Resumo: The co-occurrence of mycotoxins in baby foods, including aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and ochratoxin A (OTA), has been reported in previous studies, but data on their potential combined toxic effects are still missing. The present work aimed at (1) validating an in-house multi-mycotoxin high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) method for AFM1, total aflatoxins (aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), aflatoxin B2 (AFB2), aflatoxin G1 (AFG1), aflatoxin G2 (AFG2)) and OTA in infant formulae (milk powders) and cereal baby foods (flours), and (2) assessing the combined cytotoxic effects of AFM1and OTA in an intestine-derived cell line. The HPLC-FLD method, which included a chloroform extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, immunoaffinity column clean-up and fluorescence detection after post-column derivatisation with electrochemically generated bromine, was adequate for the analysis of baby foods and met the requirements of validation and quality control for the studied working ranges. The limits of quantification for AFM1, AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2 and OTA were 0.069, 0.032, 0.020, 0.047, 0.020 and 0.244 μg/kg, respectively. The mean recovery values were 96, 114, 112, 107, 101 and 87%, respectively. A dose-dependent cytotoxicity was observed for individual and combined AFM1 and OTA using the Caco-2 cell line, which represents a site of contact of both mycotoxins in the body, after oral exposure. Interactions between both mycotoxins were disclosed by application of the concentration addition (CA) and independent action (IA) models, revealing the predominance of an antagonistic pattern. In conclusion, this study proposes a HPLC-FLD method for multi-mycotoxin monitoring in baby foods and provides evidence for the interaction between AFM1 and OTA, and for the applicability of CA/IA models to predict the effect of mycotoxins mixtures, further contributing to the prevention of mycotoxins-associated adverse health effects.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1792
ISSN: 1875-0710
Aparece nas colecções:DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais
DGH - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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