Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1675
Título: Correlation between streptomycin intermediate-level resistance and gidB mutation in an endemic multidrugresistant tuberculosis cluster
Autor: Perdigao, joão
Macedo, Rita
Machado, Diana
Silva, Carla
Jordão, Luísa
Couto, Isabel
Viveiros, Miguel
Portugal, Isabel
Palavras-chave: Infecções Respiratórias
Data: Jul-2013
Editora: European Society of Mycobacteriology
Citação: Abstract Book: 34th Annual Congress of the ESM, 2013: 79-80
Resumo: Development of streptomycin-resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is usually associated with mutations in rpsL and rrs genes, although up to 50% of clinical streptomycin-resistant isolates may present no mutation in either of these genes. The situation in Lisbon Health Region is similar, although mutations in rrs geneare only rarely detected. In the present report we investigate the role of gidB gene mutations in streptomycin resistance. We have analyzed 52 streptomycin-resistant and 30 streptomycin-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates by sequencing and endonuclease analysis of the gidB and rpsL genes. All clinical isolates were genotyped by 12-loci MIRU-VNTR. Semiquantitative drug susceptibility testing was also performed to a select set of isolates to assess the resistance levels towards streptomycin. The gidB gene of 18 streptomycin-resistant isolates was sequenced and four missense mutations were found: F12L (1/18), L16R (18/18), A80P (4/18) and S100F (18/18). The remaining isolates were screened by endonuclease analysis for mutations A80P in gidB and K43R in rpsL gene. Overall, mutation A80P in gidB gene was found in 7 streptomycin-resistant isolates and 12 streptomycin-susceptible multidrug resistant isolates. Also noteworthy, comparison of the distribution of gidB, rpsL and rrs mutations revealed that gidB A80P mutation was only present in isolates without rpsL and rrs mutations. Moreover, this specific mutation was found among all isolates belonging to genetic cluster Q1. Streptomycin quantitative drug susceptibility testing showed that isolates carrying the GidB A80P mutation were streptomycin intermediate-level resistant and that standard drug susceptibility testing yielded inconsistent results probably due to borderline resistance. Bioinformatic analysis on the degree of conservation showed that the GidB A80P mutation is predicted to affect protein function. We conclude that gidB mutations may explain the high number of streptomycin-resistant strains with no mutation in rpsL or rrs. These mutations might occasionally confer undetected streptomycin low level resistance in regular drug susceptibility testing. Also, GidB A80P mutations may serve as surrogate markers for Q1 cluster isolates that are associated with multidrug/extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1675
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais

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