Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1586
Título: Natural variation of the nef gene in human immunodeficiency virus type 2 infections in Portugal
Autor: Pádua, E.
Jenkins, A.
Brown, S.
Bootman, J.
Paixão, M.T.
Almond, N.
Berry, N.
Palavras-chave: HIV-2
Nef Gene
Natural Variation
Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Data: Mai-2003
Citação: J Gen Virol. 2003 May;84(Pt 5):1287-99
Resumo: Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infections cause severe immunodeficiency in humans, although HIV-2 is associated frequently with reduced virulence and pathogenicity compared to HIV-1. Genetic determinants that play a role in HIV pathogenesis are relatively poorly understood but nef has been implicated in inducing a more pathogenic phenotype in vivo. However, relatively little is known about the role of nef in HIV-2 pathogenesis. To address this, the genetic composition of 44 nef alleles from 37 HIV-2-infected individuals in Portugal, encompassing a wide spectrum of disease associations, CD4 counts and virus load, has been assessed. All nef alleles were subtype A, with no evidence of gross deletions, truncations or disruptions in the nef-encoding sequence; all were full-length and intact. HIV-2 long terminal repeat sequences were conserved and also indicated subtype A infections. Detailed analysis of motifs that mediate nef function in HIV-1 and simian immunodeficiency virus, such as CD4 downregulation and putative SH2/SH3 interactions, revealed significant natural variation. In particular, the central P(104)xxPLR motif exhibited wide interpatient variation, ranging from an HIV-1-like tetra-proline structure (PxxP)(3) to a disrupted minimal core motif (P(104)xxQLR). The P(107)-->Q substitution was associated with an asymptomatic phenotype (Fisher's exact test, P=0.026) and low virus loads. These data indicate that discrete differences in the nef gene sequence rather than gross structural changes are more likely to play a role in HIV-2 pathogenesis mediated via specific functional interactions.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1586
Versão do Editor: http://vir.sgmjournals.org/content/84/5/1287.full.pdf+html
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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