Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1585
Título: Validation of a fluorescence in situ hybridization method using peptide nucleic acid probes for detection of helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance in gastric biopsy specimens
Autor: Cerqueira, L.
Fernandes, RM.
Ferreira, RM.
Oleastro, M.
Carneiro, F.
Brandão, C.
Pimentel-Nunes, P.
Dinis-Ribeiro, M.
Figueiredo, C.
Keevil, CW.
Vieira, MJ.
Azevedo, NF.
Palavras-chave: Helicobacter pylori
Peptide Nucleic Acid-fluorescence in Situ Hybridization
Macrolides Resistance
Infecções Gastrointestinais
Data: 17-Abr-2013
Editora: American Society for Microbiology
Citação: J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Jun;51(6):1887-93. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00302-13. Epub 2013 Apr 17
Resumo: Here, we evaluated a previously established peptide nucleic acid-fluorescence in situ hybridization (PNA-FISH) method as a new diagnostic test for Helicobacter pylori clarithromycin resistance detection in paraffin-embedded gastric biopsy specimens. Both a retrospective study and a prospective cohort study were conducted to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of a PNA-FISH method to determine H. pylori clarithromycin resistance. In the retrospective study (n 30 patients), full agreement between PNA-FISH and PCR-sequencing was observed. Compared to the reference method (culture followed by Etest), the specificity and sensitivity of PNA-FISH were 90.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 57.1% to 99.5%) and 84.2% (95% CI, 59.5% to 95.8%), respectively. In the prospective cohort (n 93 patients), 21 cases were positive by culture. For the patients harboring clarithromycin- resistant H. pylori, the method showed sensitivity of 80.0% (95% CI, 29.9% to 98.9%) and specificity of 93.8% (95% CI, 67.7% to 99.7%). These values likely represent underestimations, as some of the discrepant results corresponded to patients infected by more than one strain. PNA-FISH appears to be a simple, quick, and accurate method for detecting H. pylori clarithromycin resistance in paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens. It is also the only one of the methods assessed here that allows direct and specific visualization of this microorganism within the biopsy specimens, a characteristic that allowed the observation that cells of different H. pylori strains can subsist in very close proximity in the stomach.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1585
ISSN: 0095-1137
Versão do Editor: http://jcm.asm.org/content/51/6/1887.full.pdf+html
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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