Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1523
Título: A shortcut to the lysosome: the mannose-6-phosphate independent pathway
Autor: Coutinho, Maria Francisca
Prata, Maria João
Alves, Sandra
Palavras-chave: Mannose-6-phosphate-dependent Pathway
Sortilin/neurotensin Receptor-3
Lysosomal Integral Membrane Protein 2 (LIMP2)
Action Myoclonus-renal Failure Syndrome (AMRF)
Doenças Genéticas
Data: Nov-2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Mol Genet Metab. 2012 Nov;107(3):257-66. Epub 2012 Jul 20
Resumo: Lysosomal hydrolases have long been known to be responsible for the degradation of different substrates in the cell. These acid hydrolases are synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum and transported through the Golgi apparatus to the trans-Golgi network (TGN). From there, they are delivered to endosomal/lysosomal compartments, where they finally become active due to the acidic pH characteristic of the lysosomal compartment. The majority of the enzymes leave the TGN after modification with mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) residues, which are specifically recognized by M6P receptors (MPRs), ensuring their transport to the endosomal/lysosomal system. Although M6P receptors play a major role in the intracellular transport of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes in mammalian cells, several lines of evidence suggest the existence of alternative processes of lysosomal targeting. Among them, the two that are mediated by the M6P alternative receptors, lysosomal integral membrane protein (LIMP-2) and sortilin, have gained unequivocal support. LIMP-2 was shown to be implicated in the delivery of beta-glucocerebrosidase (GCase) to the lysosomes, whereas sortilin has been suggested to be a multifunctional receptor capable of binding several different ligands, including neurotensin and receptor-associated protein (RAP), and of targeting several proteins to the lysosome, including sphingolipid activator proteins (prosaposin and GM2 activator protein), acid sphingomyelinase and cathepsins D and H. Here, we review the current knowledge on these two proteins: their discovery, study, structural features and cellular function, with special attention to their role as alternative receptors to lysosomal trafficking. Recent studies associating both LIMP2 and sortilin to disease are also extensively reviewed.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1523
ISSN: 1096-7192
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1096719212002685
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