Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1457
Título: Accessing the molecular basis of transferable quinolone resistance in Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp from food-producing animals and products
Autor: Caniça, Manuela
Jones-Dias, Daniela
Francisco, Ana Patrícia
Manageiro, Vera
Ferreira, Eugénia
Palavras-chave: Salmonella
Escherichia coli
Food chain
Quinolone Resistance
Resistência aos Antimicrobianos
Data: Jun-2012
Editora: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, IP
Resumo: Background: Salmonella and Escherichia coli resistant to quinolones frequently arise in animals, being easily transferred to humans through the food chain, which can ultimately lead to the development of untreatable infectious diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of PMQR determinants among Salmonella spp and E. coli from food-producing animals and derivative food products. Methods: Salmonella spp (n=183) and E. coli (n=182) isolates were collected from food-producing animals (n=274) and derivative food products (n=91). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by standard disk diffusion method, according to the CA-SFM veterinary guidelines. PCR and sequencing were used to detect PMQR- (qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrD, qnrS, aac(6’)-Ib-cr, and qepA) and β-lactamase-encoding genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaOXA and ampC) and to examine the QRDR of gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE genes in PMQR positive isolates. Plasmid characterization was accessed by conjugation followed by replicon-typing. Genetic relatedness of PMQR positive E. coli was examined by MLST and Salmonella isolates were serotyped according to the Kauffmann-White scheme. Mobile genetic elements were also investigated through PCR mapping assays. Results: Overall, 4.7% (17/365) harbored Qnr-encoding genes from qrnB and qnrS families, specifically qnrB2 (n=3), qrnB19 (n=3), and qnrS1 (n=11). All but one isolate presented at least one mutation in QRDR region of genes gyrA, parC or parE genes. 35.3% of Qnr-producing isolates presented resistance to β-lactam antibiotics that were justified by the presence of β-lactamases from TEM (TEM-1, n=10; and TEM-135, n=1) and SHV (SHV-108, n=1) families in QnrB19- and QnrS1-harbouring isolates. All but one Qnr-producing isolates were positively typed by replicon-typing, varying among IncN (n=2), IncFIB (n=11), IncFIC (n=3), IncI1 (n=2), IncHI2 (n=5), IncY (n=1) and IncL/M (n=3) and were, mostly, genetic unrelated. Qnr genes were detected nearby several mobile elements like ISEcl2, IS26 and ISCR1. Conclusions: This study illustrated the existence of Qnr-producing E. coli and Salmonella from food-producing animals, associated to specific mobile elements that can mediate their transference between species and among distinct settings. Epidemiology of PMQR mechanisms and the dissemination of plasmids carrying Qnr-encoding genes in veterinary isolates can compromise the efficacy of fluroquinolone treatments in both animals and humans.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1457
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