Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1372
Título: Multilocus Sequence Typing of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from pigs in Portugal
Autor: Ramos, Sónia
Jones-Dias, Daniela
Caniça, Manuela
Capelo-Martinez, José Luís
Igrejas, Gilberto
Poeta, Patrícia
Palavras-chave: MLST
VREfm
Pigs
Resistência aos Antimicrobianos
Data: 2012
Resumo: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) first appeared in the late 1980s in a few European countries. In the last two decades, however, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) as became an emergent and challenging nosocomial problem. Specific clonal groups of E. faecium show an enhanced capacity to disseminate in the nosocomial setting. These strains can be assigned to distinct clonal groups or complexes based on DNA sequence-based typing (multi-locus sequence typing - MLST). In this context, we used the MLST technic to study the clonal relatedness of 18 VREfm strains previously isolated from pigs at slaughter level, in Portugal. These strains have been phenotypic and genotypic characterized in a previous study (1). For this purpose, internal 400–600-bp fragments of housekeeping genes were amplified and sequenced: adk, atpA, ddl, gdh, gyd, purK and pst (2). The sequences obtained were analysed and compared against the http://mlst.ucc.ie/ database. The combination of the seven obtained alleles, for each isolate, allows us to determine the corresponding sequence type (ST) and clonal complex (CC). MLST analyses revealed sequence type 5 (ST5) (n =5) and ST139 (n=12). These E. faecium sequence types belong to clonal complex 5 (CC5). Although ST139 is farthest from ST5, from which differs in three alleles, it also belongs to CC5. Strains belonging to CC5 are recognized to be circulating among European pigs. Although E. faecium CC5 are commonly found among animals they have also been isolated from humans. Furthermore, four of the isolates assigned to ST5 showed high-level resistance (HLR) to kanamycin and streptomycin, what can be of concern. In case of severe enterococcal infections the synergistic and bactericidal therapy can be reliably achieved with the addition of an aminoglycoside to β-lactamic antibiotics (or other cell wall agent such as vancomycin), as long as the organism does not exhibit HLR to the aminoglycoside. The recovery of E. faecium CC5 clone from slaughtered animals is of concern, since these strains may have the ability to either colonize humans or cause human infections.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1372
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