Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1315
Título: Directional Evolution of Chlamydia trachomatis towards Niche-Specific Adaptation
Autor: Borges, Vitor
Nunes, Alexandra
Ferreira, Rita
Borrego, Maria José
Gomes, João Paulo
Palavras-chave: Chlamydia
Positive Selection
Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Data: Nov-2012
Editora: American Society for Microbiology
Citação: J Bacteriol. 2012 Nov;194(22):6143-53. Epub 2012 Sep 7
Resumo: On behalf of the host-pathogen "arms race," a cutting-edge approach for elucidating genotype-phenotype relationships relies on the identification of positively selected loci involved in pathoadaptation. We studied the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, for which same-species strains display a nearly identical core and pan genome, while presenting a wide range of tissue tropism and ecological success. We sought to evaluate the evolutionary patterns underlying species separation (divergence) and C. trachomatis serovar radiation (polymorphism) and to establish genotype-phenotype associations. By analyzing 60 Chlamydia strains, we detected traces of Muller's ratchet as a result of speciation and identified positively selected genes and codons hypothetically involved in the infection of different human cell types (e.g., columnar epithelial cells of ocular or genital mucosae and mononuclear phagocytes) and also events likely driving pathogenic and ecological success dissimilarities. In general, these genes code for proteins involved in immune response elicitation, proteolysis, and the subversion of host-cell functions, and also for proteins with unknown function(s). Several genes are potentially involved in more than one adaptive process, suggesting multiple functions or a distinct modus operandi for a specific function, and thus should be considered as crucial research targets. In addition, six of the nine genes encoding the putative antigen/adhesin polymorphic membrane proteins seem to be under positive selection along specific serovars, which sustains an essential biological role of this extra-large paralogue family in chlamydial pathobiology. This study provides insight into how evolutionary inferences illuminate ecological processes such as adaptation to different niches, pathogenicity, or ecological success driven by arms races.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1315
ISSN: 0021-9193
doi: 10.1128/JB.01291-12.
Versão do Editor: http://jb.asm.org/content/194/22/6143.abstract
Aparece nas colecções:DDI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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