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|Title:||Occurrence of Aflatoxins and Ochratoxin A in Baby Foods|
|Authors:||Alvito, Paula C.|
Sizoo, Eric A.
Almeida, Cristina M. M.
Egmond, Hans P.
|Citation:||Food Anal. Methods 2010;3(1):22–30. Epub 2008 Dec 3|
|Abstract:||Infants have a more restricted diet and they generally consume more food on a body weight basis than adults. Therefore, the significance and potential health risk of any contaminant in foods consumed by infants is increased and diligent attention must be paid to this particular area. The present study aims to determine the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in processed cereal-based foods (flours) and infant formulae (milk powder) available in the Portuguese market, both sold as conventional and organic origin. Mycotoxin determination was carried out using a method previously applied to duplicate diet samples. This method employed chloroform extraction, liquid–liquid extraction, immunoaffinity column (IAC) cleanup and HPLC analysis with fluorescence detection after postcolumn derivatisation. Quantification limits were 0.014, 0.004 and 0.028 μg kg− 1 for AFM1, AFB1 and OTA, respectively. These toxins could only be quantified in 12 of 27 analysed samples (15 positive results): two samples with AFM1, two samples with AFM1 and OTA, one sample with AFB1 and OTA and seven samples with OTA. Positive results concerned four for AFM1 (26%), one for AFB1 (7%) and ten for OTA (67%). For these samples, contents ranged between 0.017–0.041 μg AFM1 kg−1, 0.034–0.212 μg OTA kg−1, and one sample had a value of 0.009 μg AFB1 kg−1. Considering the presented results, we could provisionally conclude that the presence of these mycotoxins in baby foods does not constitute a public health problem. These are the first results concerning the occurrence of mycotoxins in marketed baby foods in Portugal and this is the first study using the HPLC method, proposed for duplicate diets, in baby food sample analysis.|
|Appears in Collections:||DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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