Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1207
Título: Occupational Exposure to toxigenic fungi from Aspergillus flavus complex
Autor: Malta-Vacas, J.
Sabino, R.
Viegas, S.
Viegas, C.
Palavras-chave: Aspergillus
Molecular Biology
Toxinogenic Strains
Infecções Sistémicas e Zoonoses
Data: Jun-2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Toxicology Letters 2012;211(S17):S208
Resumo: Bioaerosols are mainly composed of fungal particles, bacteria and plant spores, being fungi responsible for the release of VOCs and micotoxins into indoor environments. Aspergillus flavus is a common opportunistic pathogen causing human infections and is involved in the production of aflatoxin and other secondary metabolites associated with toxic and allergic reactions. Poultry workers are exposed to high concentrations of fungi and are therefore more prone to develop associated pathologies. To evaluate occupational exposure of the workers to Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxins, six animal production facilities were selected, including 10 buildings, from which indoor air samples and outdoor reference samples were obtained. Twenty-five duplicate samples were collected by two methodologies: impactation onto malt extract agar of 25L air samples using a Millipore Air Tester were used to evaluate quantitative (CFU/m3) and qualitative (species identification, whenever possible) sample composition; 300 L air samples collected with the Coriolis Air Sampler into phosphate–saline buffer were used to isolate DNA, following molecular identification of Aspergillus section flavi using nor-1 specific primers by real-time PCR. Overall, Aspergillus was the most frequent genus detected. Using conventional methodologies, A. flavus species were identified in five indoor samples belonging to three buildings and in two outdoor samples. Using real-time PCR, aflatoxigenic species were detected in two buildings, although only one was coincident with the ones identified by cultures. Using both methodologies we could quantify viable microorganisms and simultaneously identify potentially toxigenic species, resulting in complementary information useful in the adoption of strategies to minimize exposure to micotoxins.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.18/1207
ISSN: 0378-4274
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037842741200848X
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