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Title: Microcystin-LR activates the ERK1/2 kinases and stimulates the proliferation of the monkey kidney-derived cell line Vero-E6
Author: Dias, E.
Matos, P.
Pereira, P.
Batoréu, M.C.C.
Silva, M.J.
Jordan, P.
Keywords: Microcystin-LR
Tumour promotion
Vias de Transdução de Sinal e Patologias Associadas
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Toxicol In Vitro. 2010 Sep;24(6):1689-95. Epub 2010 Jun 1
Abstract: Microcystin-LR (MCLR) is a peptide produced by freshwater cyanobacteria that induces severe hepatotoxicity in humans and animals. MCLR is also a potent tumour promoter and it has been proposed that this activity is mediated by the inhibition of protein phosphatases PP1/PP2A, possibly through the activation of proto-oncogenes c-jun, c-fos and c-myc. However, the mechanisms underlying MCLR-induced tumour promotion are still largely unknown, particularly in non-liver cells. In previous studies we have demonstrated that micromolar concentrations of MCLR induce cytotoxic effects in the kidney Vero-E6 cell line. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate whether the exposure to subcytotoxic concentrations of MCLR was sufficient to induce the proliferation of Vero-E6 cells. Through BrdU incorporation assay we show that at nanomolar concentrations MCLR stimulates cell cycle progression in Vero-E6 kidney cell line. Moreover, the analysis of mitogen-activated protein kinases p38, JNK and ERK1/2 activity revealed that the proliferative effect of MCLR is associated with the activation of the pro-proliferative ERK1/2 pathway. These results emphasise the importance to confirm in vivo the impact of MCLR on tumour promotion at kidney level.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0887-2333
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:DGH - Artigos em revistas internacionais
DSA - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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