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|Title: ||Occurrence of patulin in apple-based-foods in Portugal|
|Authors: ||Barreira, Maria João|
Alvito, Paula C.
Almeida, Cristina M.M.
|Issue Date: ||1-Aug-2010|
|Citation: ||Food Chem. (2010);121(3):653-658|
|Abstract: ||An analytic procedure based on high-performance liquid chromatography with solid-phase extraction
and UV detection (SPE–HPLC–UV) was validated and used to analyse 144 apple-based-foods, including
68 apple juices (32 clear and 36 cloudy) and 76 homogenised apple purees marketed in Portugal. Patulin
was detected in 33 samples (23%) with values ranging from 1.2 lg/kg to 42 lg/kg. Patulin was not
detected in the analysed infant drinks but its presence was quantified in five homogenised apple puree
(7%) labelled as being intended for infants and young children consumption. A higher incidence of positive
samples was detected in cloudy juices (67%) when compared with clear ones (13%). When the production
mode is considered, the incidence of positive samples was 20% and 24% for products of organic
and conventional origin, respectively. This is the first study on the occurrence of patulin in apple-basedfoods
in Portugal, including baby food.|
|Peer Reviewed: ||yes|
|Appears in Collections:||DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
DPSPDNT - Artigos em revistas internacionais
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