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|Title:||WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative 2008: weight, height and body mass index in 6–9-year-old children|
van Raaij, J.M.A.
Farrugia Sant'Angelo, V.
|Keywords:||Estilos de Vida e Impacto na Saúde|
|Publisher:||International Association for the Study of Obesity / Wiley-Blackwell|
|Citation:||Pediatr Obes. 2012 Sep 21. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00090.x. [Epub ahead of print]|
|Abstract:||Background: Nutritional surveillance in school-age children, using measured weight and height, is not common in the European Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO Regional Office for Europe has therefore initiated the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Objective: To present the anthropometric results of data collected in 2007/2008 and to investigate whether there exist differences across countries and between the sexes. Methods: Weight and height were measured in 6–9-year-old children in 12 countries. Prevalence of overweight, obesity, stunting, thinness and underweight as well as mean Z-scores of anthropometric indices of height, weight and body mass index were calculated. Results: A total of 168 832 children were included in the analyses and a school participation rate of more than 95% was obtained in 8 out of 12 countries. Stunting, underweight and thinness were rarely prevalent. However, 19.3-49.0% of boys and 18.4-42.5% of girls were overweight (including obesity and based on the 2007 WHO growth reference).The prevalence of obesity ranged from 6.0 to 26.6% among boys and from 4.6 to 17.3% among girls. Multi-country comparisons suggest the presence of a north–south gradient with the highest level of overweight found in southern European countries. Conclusions: Overweight among 6–9-year-old children is a serious public health concern and its variation across the European Region highly depends on the country. Comparable monitoring of child growth is possible across Europe and should be emphasized in national policies and implemented as part of action plans.|
|Appears in Collections:||DAN - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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