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Title: Dynamics and Development of Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis, Portugal
Author: Perdigao, Joao
Silva, D.
Pereira, V.
Macedo, Rita
Silva, Carla
Machado, Diana
Couto, Isabel
Viveiros, Miguel
Jordão, Luísa
Portugal, Isabel
Keywords: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Drug Resistance
Infecções Respiratórias
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Abstract: The development of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensive drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis(TB) combined with subsequent transmission constitutes a serious threat to the effective control of tuberculosis in several countries. Lisbon Health Region, despite great progresses in TB management still presents a high number of MDR/XDR-TB cases. The development of this type of resistance is the result of adaptative selection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that acquire and accumulate specific mutations at specific genes. The presently known mechanisms of drug resistance include the modification or overexpression of drug targets, inactivation of drug- activator enzymes and overexpression of drug-modifying enzymes. Although the molecular basis of resistance of MDR/XDR-TB strains circulating in Lisbon has already been addressed in different studies, the dynamics or mode of resistance acquisition that have lead to the different circulating strains is still partially unclear. In the present study we have genotyped and screened a set of 44 MDR/XDR-TB isolates for mutations in tlyA, gyrA, rrs and eis genes. We have determined the most prevalent mutations found in each gene to be Ins755GT in tlyA, A1401G in rrs, G-10A in eis and S91P in gyrA. Two genetic clusters previously known to be associated with XDR-TB were detected, Lisboa3 and Q1, containing 27 and 17 isolates, respectively. Lisboa3 strains isolated in the 90’s with the same mutational profile of recent XDR-TB Lisboa3 strains were found, emphasizing the ancient XDR-TB problem in the region. Also investigated was the resistance level conferred by eis G-10A mutations, revealing that eis G-10A mutations may result in an undetectable AMK resistance. We concluded by analyzing the mutational distribution found by genetic cluster that in Q1 cluster two mutations, gyrA D94A and rrs A1401G, were enough to ensure development of XDR-TB from a multidrug resistant strain. Moreover, in Lisboa3 cluster it was possible to determine that the development of kanamycin low-level resistance mediated by eis promoter mutations was at the origin of independent emergence of several XDRTB strains that can be discriminated within Lisboa3 genetic cluster by tlyA mutations.
Description: Abstrat publicado em:
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:DDI - Posters/abstracts em congressos internacionais

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